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Tunisia


BASIC FACTS

 

Area 163,610 Km2
Population 11.06 Millions
HDI Rank 94 (over 186 countries)
Capital City Tunis
Demographic distribution Arab (98%), European (1%), Other 1%
Spoken languages Arabic and French
Religious beliefs Muslim (99%), Other (1%)
Political regime The former ruling party Rassemblement Constitutionnel Democratique (RCD) has been banned. Since January 2011 more than a hundred political parties have been registered. The five leading Parties/lists in the Constituent Assembly elected in October 2011 are Ennahda, Congress for the Republic, Arihda Chabia, Ettakatol and the Progressive Democratic Party.
Head of State Beji Caid Essebsi (President), Habib Essid (Head of Government)
Associations with International Organisations Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA), Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT), African Development Bank (AfDB), Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD), Arab League (AL), Arab Monetary Fund (AMF), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), African Union (AU), Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC - observer), Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Group of 77 at the United Nations (G-77), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM), International Development Association (IDA), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS), International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Maritime Organisation (IMO), International Maritime Satellite Organisation (Inmarsat), International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (Intelsat), International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), International Organisation for Migration (IOM), International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), International Telecommunications Union (ITU), UN Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH), UN Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), Non Aligned Movement (NAM), Organisation of American States and the Community of Andean Nations (OAS - observer), Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Organisation for Co-operation and Security in Europe (OSCE - partner), United Nations (UN), UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), Universal Postal Union (UPU), World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), World Health Organisation (WHO), World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), World Tourism Organisation (WtoO), World Trade Organisation (WtrO).
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Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook