Area 196,720 Km2
Population 14.54 Millions
HDI Rank 154 (over 186 countries)
Capital City Dakar
Demographic distribution Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Spoken languages Senegal is made up of numerous ethnic groups, including the Wolof, Pular, Serer and the Diola. French is the official Language, while Malinké, Wolof, Séerére, Soninké and Peul (Pular) are 'national languages'. African languages (most commonly Wolof) are widely spoken.
Religious beliefs Around 95% of Senegalese are Muslim. Christianity and indigenous Africa religions are also practised.
Political regime Alliance Pour la République (APR, the dominant party in the National Assembly); Parti démocratique sénégalais; Alliance des forces de progrès (AFP); Parti socialiste (PS); Union pour le renouveau démocratrique (URD); And-Jëf/Parti africain pour la democratie et le socialisme (AJ/PADS); Parti de l’indépendence et du travail (PIT); Ligue démocratique (LD); Rewmi; Alliance pour la République-Yaakaar (Alliance for the Republic-Hope)
Head of State Macky Sall (President), Mohamed Dionne (Prime Minister)
Associations with International Organisations African Development Bank (AFDB); African Union (AU); African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID); Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); Group of 77 (G77); International Labour Organisation (ILO); International Monetary Fund(IMF); International Maritime Organisation (IMO); International Organisation for Migration (IOM); Islamic Development Bank (IDB); Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC); United Nations (UN); United Nations Operation in Co?te d’Ivoire (UNOCI); United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL); United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT); United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC); West African Development Bank (WADB) (regional); West African and Monetary Union (WAEMU); World Health Organisation (WHO); World Trade Organisation (WTO).
Investment Promotion Agency Agence Nationale Chargée de la Promotion de l'Investissement et des Grands Travaux (APIX)
Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook