Area 36,130 Km2
Population 1.646 Millions
HDI Rank 176 (over 186 countries)
Capital City Bissau
Demographic distribution African 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
Spoken languages The main ethnic groups of Guinea-Bissau are the Balanta, the Fula, the Manjaca, the Mandinga and the Papel. Portuguese is the official language. Crioulo and indigenous African languages are widely spoken.
Religious beliefs Islam, Christianity and indigenous beliefs are all practised.
Political regime African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC); Guinea-Bissau Resistance-Ba Fata Movement (RGB-MB); Party for Democratic Convergence (PCD); Social Renovation Party (PRS); Union for Change (UM).
Head of State José Mário Vaz (President), Domingos Simões Pereira (Prime Minister)
Associations with International Organisations United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Union Economique et Monetaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA), African Development Bank (AFDB), Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).
Investment Promotion Agency Guinea Bissau Investment LDA
Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook