Area 117,600 Km2
Population 6.537 Millions
HDI Rank 181 (over 186 countries)
Capital City Asmara
Demographic distribution Tigrinya 48%, Tigre 35%, Afar 4%, Saho 3%, Kunama 3%, Bilen 2%, Hedareb 2%, Rashaida 1%
Spoken languages Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic and English
Religious beliefs 50% Christian (Coptic, Catholic and Protestant), 50% Muslim
Political regime
Head of State Isaias Afewerki (President)
Associations with International Organisations United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) , Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
Investment Promotion Agency Department of Industrial Development- Ministry of Trade and Industry
Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook