Area 1,001,450 Km2
Population 85.833 Millions
HDI Rank 112 (over 186 countries)
Capital City Cairo
Demographic distribution Eastern Hamitic (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) (99%); Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) (1%)
Spoken languages Arabic (official), English widely understood
Religious beliefs Muslim (mostly Sunni) (90%), Coptic Christian (9%) and other (1%)
Political regime National Democratic Party Wafd Party and Tagammu Party
Head of State Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (President), Ibrahim Mahlab (Prime Minister)
Associations with International Organisations Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA), African Development Bank (AfDB), Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD) Arab Monetary Fund (AMF), African Union (AU), Arab League, Organisation of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC - observer), Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU), Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Common Market for Eastern and South Africa (COMESA), D-8, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), The Group of 15 (G15), Inter-Governmental Group of Twenty Four (G24), The Group of 77 at the United Nations (G77), International Atomic Energy (IAEA), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), International Chamber of Commerce(ICC), International Criminal Court (ICCt (signatory)), International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM), International Development Association (IDA), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS), International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Maritime Organisation (IMO), International Mobile Satellite Organisation (IMSO), International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC),International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), International Communications Satellites Organisation (ITSO), International Telecommunications Union(ITU), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), Non-Alligned Movement (NAM), Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), OAS (observer), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (OIC), Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE - partner), Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), United Nations (UN), African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur(UNAMID), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation(UNESCO), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL),United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS),United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI), United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), Universal Postal Union (UPU), WCO, World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU), World Health Organisation (WHO), World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), World Trade Organisation (WTO)
Investment Promotion Agency General Authority for Free Zones and Investment
Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook