Area 1,284,000 Km2
Population 11.284 Millions
HDI Rank 184 (over 186 countries)
Capital City N'Djamena (population 700,000 est)
Demographic distribution Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3%
Spoken languages
Religious beliefs Islam (which predominates in the north), Christianity (which predominates in the south) and indigenous beliefs are all practised.
Political regime Alliance for the Renaissance of Chad (ART): a coalition between the ruling Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS), Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP), and National Rally for Democracy and Progress (VIVA-RNDP); Action for a Federal Republic (FAR); National Union for Development and Renewal (UNDR); Party for Liberty and Development (PLD); and Union for the Republic and Democracy (URD).
Head of State Idriss Déby (President), Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet (Prime Minister)
Associations with International Organisations African Union (AU), Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC), Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC), African Development Bank (AFDB), International Organisation of the Francophonie (OIF), Community of Saharan and Sahelian States (CENSAD /COMESSA).
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Sources: Foreign & Commonwealth Office, The World Factbook